Climatic change discussion has taken a center stage in international politics. The 2015 Paris Convention attracted close to 200 countries across the globe with a major focus on finding the way forward in the global climatic problem. As a way to achieve success in the midst of steaming climatic issues, agreements reached in the two-week discussion included keeping the temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius, provision of national climatic plans and creation of loss and damage mechanism.
However, it appears that some states and communities, especially vulnerable ones, have been greatly neglected. Some of the aforementioned measures cannot be met and approaches that could have brought progressive success were simply not adopted.
The conflict between national and international politics is a great hindrance to the implementation of climatic change policies. Debates relating to climate change are often centered around “right to development” and “historical responsibility” concepts. But in the real sense of it, climate change has a universal nature. Thus, it makes sense to provide a mitigation and adaptation plan at the international level to ensure effectiveness.
Climatic changes that began locally often transcends across borders. The war and refugee crisis in Syria caused by its prolonged drought, protest against hydraulic fracturing and divestment from fossil fuel and the shattered future of island states due to sea level rise are some of the national issues that have grown to become an international concern.
Obviously, all organisms contribute to the transformation of their environment, however, humans do so at a transcendental level. The construction of dams, drilling of fossil fuels, urbanization, industrialization, and agriculture are some of the human activities that have made the environment abysmal. Human activities have caused the extinction of several species, global warming and put the environment at risk.
International politics and climatic change concern itself with the way in which these issues affect us. Even though national interest conflict, international players seek effective avenues to solve the problem. Nations must realize that a state is not a monolithic entity but affects and is affected by others. A proper understanding of the complex nature of the state will help in international politics and the mitigation of the global climatic change.